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Infant Sleep and Parents' Interventions.

The cultural influence on sleep biology is so significant that it guides parental decisions about sleeping position, method and distribution of food, and whether or not to share a bed. These decisions, in turn, influence childhood physiology and sleep habits, including sleep architecture, maternal and child awakenings, sensitivity to the presence of the other, breathing, the amount of sleep, the time of infant crying at night, as well as the use of pacifiers and transitional objects. From the dynamic interrelation of these intrinsic and extrinsic factors emerge childhood sleep habits, which can act as shields against adverse conditions. When inadequate, they can be prudently evaluated and corrected, improving children's sleep practices at home.

The child's sleep quality and the mother's sleep quality are associated; the poor quality of sleep of mothers is associated with mood disorders, stress and fatigue. On the other hand, in depressed mothers whose children have sleep disorders, the treatment of the child's sleep disorders plays a significant role in improving the mother's emotional health and the mother-infant bond.

Considering the impact of sleep on the child's quality of life and that the behavior of parents and/or caregivers is often responsible for the child's inappropriate behavior at bedtime and when waking up during the night, Mindell et al. (2006) point out the importance of dealing with the problem based on therapeutic training, so that parents become active agents in changing their children's behavior. This treatment aims to modify the behavior of the parents in face of the child's inadequate responses to sleep, so that the parents understand the origin of their children's behavior, so that, from the modification of their behavior, behavior modification occurs. of child. The authors point out that interventions for sleep problems through parental guidance are effective, not only for improving sleep, but also for behavioral problems that can result from poor sleep quality.